White Papers

06/14/2015

What unique literacy challenges are faced by adolescents in high school mathematics? Mathematics requires students to understand numbers, abstract symbols, and the mathematical context of words. Mathematical literacy is attained only when students…

06/14/2015

Science encompasses a broad range of disciplines: mathematics and technology as well the natural and social sciences. Science literacy includes familiarity with the natural world and respect for its unity as well as an awareness of…

06/14/2015

Social studies encompasses a broad range of disciplines, including history, geography, government, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and economics. According to the National Council for the Social Studies (2008…