White Papers
May
2016
10
Designing Summer Programs in Districts With Diverse Needs
Authored by Michelle Rutherford
and Denise Kelly Stinson

White Papers

School leaders across the country are increasingly changing the structure of summer programs to meet a wider range of student needs. Over time, the focus of summer school has shifted from providing opportunities for struggling…

The most effective teachers personalize learning to meet the unique needs of each student and they have always created active learning experiences to engage their students. But teachers struggle with doing this consistently at scale…

The study of English generally involves literary texts, including short stories, novels, essays, drama, and poetry. Frequently, students are expected to read texts from the canon, texts that have been deemed to be models of excellence…

Social studies encompasses a broad range of disciplines, including history, geography, government, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and economics. According to the National Council for the Social Studies (2008…

What unique literacy challenges are faced by adolescents in high school mathematics? Mathematics requires students to understand numbers, abstract symbols, and the mathematical context of words. Mathematical literacy is attained only when students…

Science encompasses a broad range of disciplines: mathematics and technology as well the natural and social sciences. Science literacy includes familiarity with the natural world and respect for its unity as well as an awareness of…

I try to make it make sense, but sometimes I just quit. Reading textbooks is hard because the words are big and I don't understand them, and it gets boring sometimes. I can't read at home, and we don't have enough time in my classes…

Apex Learning® was founded in the late 1990s as one of the world's first providers of fully online, digital curriculum for secondary education, at a time when online learning was beginning to enter the popular lexicon. From the start…

The National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) uses three levels to describe student achievement—basic, proficient, and advanced (Lee, Grigg, & Donahue, 2007). Although below basic is not a recognized NAEP designation, it is…

The English Foundations series (including two full-year courses: English Foundations I and English Foundations II) has been carefully designed to help adolescent learners with below-proficient and below-basic achievement to become…