White Papers
March 01
2018
Summer Programs Increase Opportunity and Achievement
Innovative districts are expanding their summer programs beyond traditional remediation of course failure to meet a wide range of student learning needs. These innovative programs include…

White Papers

01/19/2018

College and Career Readiness Begins in Middle School. Middle school academic performance is a key predictor of success in ninth grade, where course completion is the most accurate predictor of graduation. The middle school years lay a foundation…

09/10/2015

The study of English generally involves literary texts, including short stories, novels, essays, drama, and poetry. Frequently, students are expected to read texts from the canon, texts that have been deemed to be models of excellence…

06/14/2015

What unique literacy challenges are faced by adolescents in high school mathematics? Mathematics requires students to understand numbers, abstract symbols, and the mathematical context of words. Mathematical literacy is attained only when students…

06/14/2015

Science encompasses a broad range of disciplines: mathematics and technology as well the natural and social sciences. Science literacy includes familiarity with the natural world and respect for its unity as well as an awareness of…

06/14/2015

Social studies encompasses a broad range of disciplines, including history, geography, government, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and economics. According to the National Council for the Social Studies (2008…

01/14/2015

I try to make it make sense, but sometimes I just quit. Reading textbooks is hard because the words are big and I don't understand them, and it gets boring sometimes. I can't read at home, and we don't have enough time in my classes…

02/15/2009

The National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) uses three levels to describe student achievement—basic, proficient, and advanced (Lee, Grigg, & Donahue, 2007). Although below basic is not a recognized NAEP designation, it is…

02/13/2009

Vignette 1: Ya-Wen had heard teachers say that writing a summary helps people remember what they've read, but she had never been able to do that. Now she is taking an online earth science course that periodically reminds her to write…

02/13/2009

Students with below-proficient achievement are not the lowest performers in our classrooms. These students are able to meet some of the expectations established for their grade level; however, their reading and writing abilities are…

02/13/2009

The English Foundations series (including two full-year courses: English Foundations I and English Foundations II) has been carefully designed to help adolescent learners with below-proficient and below-basic achievement to become…